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Vitamins

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The vitamins are substances that are found in foods in low doses and those who are involved in the correct functioning of the organism, functioning as a catalyst in the chemical reactions that originate in the body, generating the release of energy.

Generally, the vitamins from the foods that are consumed daily, although there are certain vitamins that can be produced by the body such as vitamins D and K.

While others, such as vitamin B12 should be taken by means of a supplement by those people who take a dietary regimen that does not include foods that contain this nutrient.

Each vitamin has specific functions and if you have reduced levels of certain vitamins can lead to some health problems, as the intake of certain vitamins can help with the prevention of some medical problems.

What are vitamins?

Vitamins must be consumed through the daily diet to prevent deficiencies, but there is no food that includes all the vitamins, which requires the mix of different food groups to improve nutrition.

Some vitamins required by the body with the purpose of collaborating with the absorption of other nutrients. Among its functions is the intervention on the development of chemicals to the nervous system, as well as hormones, red blood cells and genetic material.

In addition, collaborate with the balance of metabolic systems and contribute to the growth and health of the organism.

A large number of the vitamins found in food can be removed during the cooking process or as a result of exposure to the light, so it is recommended to consume fresh produce.

How do you classify the vitamins?

Vitamins can be classified in two types, which are water-soluble and fat-soluble.

The Water-Soluble Vitamins

Are those that dissolve in water and is found in the watery areas of the food, being absorbed by simple diffusion or by active transport.

The excess of this type of vitamins is removed by means of the urine, since the body does not have the possibility of storing and disposed of in a very simple way requires their daily consumption and can be purchased from fruits, vegetables, milk and meat products.

The water-soluble vitamins are Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, Vitamin B1 or Thiamine, Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin, Vitamin B3 or Niacin, Vitamin B5, or pantothenic Acid, Vitamin B6, or Pyridoxine, Vitamin B8 or Biotin, Vitamin B9 or folic Acid and Vitamin B12, or Cyanocobalamin.

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

These vitamins dissolve in fats and oils, being located in the areas of fat-soluble foods, move on lipids and disposed of in a way quite difficult. Found in fruits, vegetables, fish, egg yolks and some nuts.

Fat-soluble vitamins are Vitamin A, or Retinol, Vitamin D, or Calciferol, Vitamin E or a-tocopherol and Vitamin K or phytonadione.

Why should you Take vitamins?

The vitamins are nutrients that do not provide energy, but are involved as cofactors enzyme in a large number of biochemical reactions of great importance in the body, being included in the daily diet of an inevitable way.

It is very important to note that its shortcomings originate from serious disorders that are called avitaminosis. Similarly, there may be excess consumption of vitamins is known as hypervitaminosis.

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